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Ujjain's ancient name is Ujjayini, Ujjayini has been its traditional cultural capital in the middle of India. It has long been the political axis of India. This city is well-known for its traditional and religious significance. Jyothirlinga Mahakal would increase its dignity. There is a Tarak Ling in the sky, Hatshwar Ling in Patal and Mahakaleshwar is the only valid Shivling on earth. Being a cultural capital It has long been the political axis of India. If Lord Krishna had this education room, then Jyothirlinga Mahakal would increase its dignity. The place where Mahakal is located is the navel of the earth. It is said that it is the center of the Dhara - the status of Mahakala in Ujjayini is unknown from time to time. According to Shiva Purana, Mahakala's reputation was achieved by a Gopa child eight generations before Nand. Mahakal is worshiped as Shivling. Worship is done in an empty or formless form of Mahakal. Jyotirling of Ujjain is also called Mahakala or In ujjain Mahakal forest which is known as Mahakal van. From time to time, the temple would have been restored. Because the residue of 2nd century BC is also received from that premises. The initial temple was based on pillars. The world-renowned temple of Mahakaleshwar has been located in the west of Purana-famous Rudra Sagar. The temple of Mahashakti Harisiddhi Mata has been located in the east of this ocean, even today. In this context, it is appropriate to know the importance of the holy shrine situated in the premises of Mahakaleshwar Temple. Kothi Tirtha is present in many sacred ancient sites of India. Over the centuries, the sacred Jyothirlinga of Lord Mahakaleshwar has been anointed with the water of Pure-Salila Shipra, the holy Rudra Sagar and the holy place of pilgrimage. It is mythological belief that while deviating in the form of Mahakala in Avantika, this pilgrimage was manifested from the thumb of God; It is hard to say when Ujjayini's Mahakaleshwar temple was first constructed. Of course this shrine is prehistoric. There are references in the Puranas that it was established by Prajapita Brahmaji. We get references that in the 6th century BC, a brave ruler of Ujjain Chandapradote appointed his son Kumarasena to arrange for the Mahakaleshwar complex. Fourth of Ujjayini - The statue of Mahakal has been marked on some coins hurt by the third century BC. Mahakaleshwar Temple has been mentioned in many ancient poetic texts. After the period many dynasties touched the land of Ujjayini. These political powers are notable in the name of North Gupt, Kalchuri, Pushyabhuti, Gurjar-Pratihar and Rashtrakut. All bowed their head in front of Lord Mahakal and provided the charity Dan-Dakshina here. Puranic evidence is that in this period there were many gods and goddesses, pilgrim centers, Kunda, Vapi, gardens etc. in Avantika Nagar. There are innumerable temples of Lord Shiva, including the Chaurasi Mahadev temple.


Mandir history

Where Ujjain's eloquence was kept with God-temples and their statues, special attention was given to upgrading the temple of Mahakaleshwar and the religious and cultural surroundings associated with it. There have been many interesting and dignified references to the Mahakaleshwar Temple in many poems in this period. Among them are the Harshacharit and Kadambari of Benabhatta, the masterpiece of Mr. Harsh, the nascent literate chief of Pughupta. This temple of Mahakaleshwar built during the Peramar period was being built for centuries. Parmar's temple architecture was of Bhajj style. Whatever remains of temple in this period, available in the temple complex and near areas, it concludes that this temple was definitely built in the Bhajj style. The temples built in this style were of Triurth or Pancharath type. From the peak angles, they reached the ostrich amalgam. On the main part, there was haraavi all around. These peaks were shukanaas and chaityaas, in which the overwrought images were kept. On the horizontal basis, the entrance, the semi-mandap, the mandap, the interval, the sanctum sanctorum and the Pradakshina path were. These organisms were located on ornate and strong columns. The statues of various gods and goddesses, nightshouses, apesars, dancers, lovers, artisans etc. made all the scenes attractive. The temple sculpture of this temple was diverse. Statues of Ganesha, Parvati, Brahma, Vishnu, Navagrah, Sun, Sapta-Mathis, along with statues of Shiva, Nataraja, Kalyansundar, Ravanaanugrah, Uma-Maheshwar, Tripuraantak, Ardhanarishwar, Gajantak, Sadashiv, Darkkasur slaughter, Lakulish etc. Had gone In Ujjain the Maratha kingdom was established in the fourth decade of the eighteenth century. Peshwa Bajirao I entrusted Ujjain's administration to his trusted Sardar Ranoji Shinde. Ranoji's deewan was Sukhtenkar Ramchandra Baba Shenvvi. They were masters of immense property, but they were children. On the suggestion of many scholars and well-wishers, they resolved to put their property in religious work. In this connection, they rebuilt the Mahakal temple in Ujjain in the fourth-fifth decade of the eighteenth century.


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